A last look at where we've been and a peek into the future.
Periodic table of the elements.
The debate created by quantum mechanics over the properties of light.
Ideas on the atom, from the ancient Greeks to groundbreaking theories of J.J. Thomson and Ernest Rutherford.
The discovery that all substances can exist in all other states of matter.
The Carnot engine and the second law of thermodynamics.
Using the Carnot engine to understand the first law of thermodynamics.
The work of Boyle and Charles on the behavior of gases and the link between temperature and heat.
A new formula for the conservation of momentum following Einstein's work on space and time.
Meanings of space and time.
How different results can be produced from the equations for time and space.
The unexpected results of the Michelson-Morley experiment.
The properties of light waves, including reflection, refraction and diffraction.
James Clerk Maxwell's development of displacement currents that allowed the production of electromagnetic waves.
Generating alternating currents through electromagnetic induction.
The discovery of electromagnetic induction in 1831 creates an important technological breakthrough in the generation of electric power.
Making a distinction between action at a distance and the field of force.
The law of Biot and Sarvart, the force between electric currents, and Ampère's law.
How the Earth acts like a magnet; the motion of charged particles in a magnetic field.
The work of Ohm, Kirchhoff and Wheatstone in developing parallel circuits and capacitors.
Alessandro Volta's first electric battery that turned chemical energy produced from metals into electricity.
The potential danger of electric charges, currents, fields and forces; the electric potential and its gradient.
The potential of charged conductors, equipotentials and capacitance; the work of Ben Franklin.
Michael Faraday's influence on fields of force; Guass' law.
Understanding Coulomb's law and the principles of static electricity.
Electricity and magnetism.
A last lingering look back at mechanics to see new connections between old discoveries.
From Kepler's laws and the theory of tides, to Einstein's general theory of relativity, into black holes, and beyond.
Voyages to other planets use the same laws that guide planets around the solar system.
The precise orbit of a heavenly body a a planet, asteroid, or comet a is fixed by the laws of conservation of energy and angular momentum.
The task of deducing all three of Kepler's laws from Newton's universal law of gravitation.
A look at Johannes Kepler's laws of the motion of heavenly bodies.
From spinning tops to the precession of the equinoxes.
An old momentum with a new twist.
How Newton extended mechanics to the propagation of sound.
Explains why wind causes bridges to collapse and how glass shatters with high octave.
Music and mathematics of nature.
What keeps the universe ticking away until the end of time?
The nature of stability.
According to one of the major laws of physics, energy is neither created nor destroyed.
A dramatic recreation of Millikan's classic oil-drop experiment to determine the charge of a single electron.
Shedding light on the mathematical form of the gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces.
All physical phenomena of nature are explained by four forces: two nuclear forces, gravity, and electricity.
A look at the Platonic theory of uniform circular motion.
The first real steps toward space travel are made as Newton discovers that gravity describes the force between any two particles in the universe.
Newton and Leibniz arrive at the conclusion that differentiation and integration are inverse processes.
Newton lays down the laws of force, mass, and acceleration.
The use of vectors in describing quantities such as displacement and velocity.
Galileo risks his favored status to answer the questions of the universe with his law of inertia.
The function of mathematics in physical science and the derivative as a practical tool.
The experiments of Galileo.
Revolutionary ideas, from Copernicus through Newton.