English painter Turner laid the foundation for Impressionism and challenged boundaries of art.
Admired artist Vermeer, whose serene domestic scenes display a mastery of perspective.
Portrait painter Rembrandt created many masterpieces, but lived lavishly and died bankrupt.
Using intense colors and loose brushstrokes, Velazquez achieved a drama never captured before in painting.
The Baroque style Rubens created for his portraits, landscapes and mythological scenes served as a benchmark of excellence.
El Greco's bright colors and loose brush strokes captured the emotional fervor of Spanish Catholicism.
The landscapes created by Bruegel usually sidelined the saints and nobility who were the supposed subjects in favor of peasant folk.
Titian's radical approach to light color and composition set him apart.
Raphael is known for the beauty of his portraits and the perfect composition of his large historical paintings.
Michelangelo's seven decade career produced iconic works ranging from the sculpture of David to St. Peter's Dome in the Vatican.
Durer's greatness lay in his ability to capture reality in his art.
Despite completing less than a dozen paintings, each work by the Italian artist, da Vinci, is a masterpiece.
The most important artist of his age, Giotto di Bondone developed perspective.
A controversial figure in his own short life, he produced powerful images where the human figure is stripped down, both sexually and psychologically.
The only American accepted by the French Impressionists, she created perceptive depictions of women and children.
One of the world's greatest sculptors whose modeling techniques captured the movement and emotional depth of his subjects by altering traditional pose and gesture.
Challenging rigid classicism by injecting a degree of fluidity and unpredictability to his art, Delacroix established a taste for the exotic in European art.
A landscape painter who's vision influenced the Romantics and Impressionists, Constable depended on light effects and cloud patterns in his art.
Goya's unflinching images of human cruelty set him apart from almost any other painter in history.
A French neo-classical painter, David's involvement in politics almost cost him his life, and in the end forced him into exile.
Known for his striking depiction of horses, Stubbs literally dissected his subjects before he painted them.
Caravaggio brought religious art to life.
The Andy Warhol of his time, Holbein created icons of some of the 16th c.'s most important people, including Henry VIII.
Piero Della Francesca's enigmatic paintings mark an important step in Renaissance art.
The troubled genius, Van Gogh, painted over 1,000 works in ten years, but sold only one before shooting himself at 37.
Bridged the gap between Impressionist Paris and symbolist London with paintings and prints.