In the modern world technological advances evolve rapidly; civilization continues to painstakingly advance.
Byron, Beethoven, Delacroix and Rodin express 19th-century disillusionment.
Painters' and musicians' works reflect belief in the divinity of nature and the goodness of man.
Art and sculpture of the 18th century reflect an age content with the powers of reason and moderation.
Bach, Handel, Mozart and Haydn compose melodious music with complex symmetry and full of feelings.
Dutch painters of the 17th century use realism; free enterprise blossoms.
The Church of Rome becomes a great spiritual force in the Baroque era; artists promote unity of body and spirit.
Religious unity dissolves in Germany and France; the printing press expands man's communication.
Pope Julius II inspires Michelangelo, Raphael and Bramante; Leonardo da Vinci presents a cold view of humanity.
A 15th-century motto states man can do anything, with or without God's blessing.
In the 13th century, women are revered, no longer chattel; cities, trade and banking emerge.
The cathedral of Chartres combines elements of order and restlessness; compassion resurges in the 12th century.
Resurgence of Europe through the preservation of classical artworks and Christianity.